D-Carb™ (Balance) supports glucose metabolism in order to help maintain proper blood sugar levels within a normal range. Since high carbohydrate levels (found in grain and rich alfalfa hay) are often restricted in IR diets, it is important to provide essential mineral nutrients, necessary for nutritional support. D-Carb™ (Balance) is designed for diets consisting of approximately 15-20 lbs of Timothy or Bermuda grass type hay, no grain, or small amounts and/or similar low carb feedstuffs (beet pulp) to provide calcium, phosphorus, vitamins, and trace minerals that would be lacking, given the restriction of grain and alfalfa-type hay (both high in carbohydrates). Hay is normally fed at a rate of 1.5% of ideal body weight, Example: 1,000lb horse x 1.5%= 15lb hay (Hay should not contain more than 10% starch/sugar). Given many variables and conditions, consult your veterinarian for specific ration and feeding levels. D-Carb™ (Balance) is pelletized and flavored to enhance palatability. Provides (Per 2 oz serving): 2,665 mg magnesium; 1,250 mg phosphorus; 2mg chromium; 12,500 IU vitamin A; 1,250 IU vitamin D3; plus amino acids, trace minerals and direct fed microbials.
- Blood Sugar Support
- Glucose Metabolism
- Rice Bran Carrier
DIRECTIONS FOR USE:
(Enclosed measure approximates 2 oz based on density of product.)
Adult Horses (900-1,100 lbs): Provide 2 oz twice daily
Magnesium (Mg) is a vital macro-mineral, and it is becoming increasingly recommended by veterinarians for various treatments in the horse. Because one of the clinical signs of magnesium deficiency is nervousness, it is added to many calming supplements. Magnesium helps protect against inflammation and free radical damage. Magnesium may play a role in insulin resistance and equine metabolic syndrome. Within the muscle, calcium and magnesium work antagonistically — calcium causing muscle contraction and magnesium inducing relaxation. If there is not enough magnesium, muscles tend to spasm.
Chromium is a trace mineral which works with insulin to regulate blood sugar. By helping insulin work properly, it may be useful in managing the insulin resistance seen with Equine Metabolic Syndrome and in managing excitable horses on high grain diets that "tie up" due to stress. However, because PSSM horses display abnormal insulin sensitivity, chromium may not be recommended for horses with this particular muscle disorder.
Vitamin C is an antioxidant that plays a pivotal role in neutralizing harmful free radicals. Because of its watersoluble nature, vitamin C can work both inside and outside the cell to combat free-radical damage. Vitamin C also helps by regenerating vitamin E. Besides its antioxidant functions, vitamin C is needed for collagen synthesis, hormone synthesis, conversion of vitamin D3 to calcitriol, bone calcification, and antihistamine control.
Calcium (Ca) is a micromineral found in highest amounts in bone and teeth. However, it also has important roles in muscle contraction, cell membranes, blood clotting, enzymes regulation, and hormone release. Phosphorus (P) in bones not only provides structural support for the skeleton, but it also acts as a reserve of phosphorus for other bodily functions. Phosphorus is important in cell membranes and in reactions requiring cellular energy.
Phosphorus also helps form the backbone of DNA and contributes to the pH and electrolyte balance in body fluids. Zinc (Zn) is a micromineral involved in over 100 enzyme systems ranging from connective tissue formation and antioxidant protection to carbohydrate metabolism and immune system function.
Manganese is a micromineral essential for bone formation, growth and reproduction. It is also essential in carbohydrate and fat metabolism. Supplementation should be considered because not all diets provide the same levels of manganese. It is among the least toxic of the trace minerals, and it plays an important role in young growing horses as well as active performance horses.
Copper (Cu) is a micromineral required for production of normal connective tissues including tendons, ligaments, cartilage and bone. As a component of many enzyme systems, it is also involved in making iron available to the body for blood, in producing skin and coat pigments, in proper nerve signaling and in repairing antioxidants.
The Vitamin B family is made up of several compounds that serve many important roles in the body: protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism; energy production; proper nerve cell transmission; and cell reproduction and division (especially rapidly dividing ones such as red blood cells). B vitamins include thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxine (B6), folic acid (B9), cyanocobalamin (B12), choline, biotin, inositol and others are sometimes referred to as B-vitamins.
Iodine (I) Unlike many of the other minerals, iodine has only one main function in your horse's body, it is an important part of two major hormones that regulate basal metabolism.
Selenium is a trace mineral that along with vitamin E function in a partnership that helps to protect body tissues from free radical damage that occurs during oxidation (the conversion of feedstuffs into energy). In particular, they act as a defense mechanism against damage to cell membranes and enzymes. For optimum immune function and exercise recovery, 2 to 3 mg/day is recommended, which is still well below 50 mg/day which may be the upper safe limit.
Vitamin A is well-known for its role in maintaining healthy vision, especially night vision. However, it is also needed for reproduction, immunity, and normal skeletal development in young growing horses and exercising horses that are remodeling bone. Horses must satisfy their vitamin A requirement from their diet, but only horses on fresh green pasture or high-quality alfalfa are likely to meet that requirement. Horses on grass hay, horses with no access to pasture, or horses that are exercising or breeding probably need supplementation.
Vitamin D plays an indirect role in bone growth and maintenance by managing the levels of calcium (Ca) in the body. It controls the absorption of Ca from the intestine, the movement of Ca into and out of bone, and the amount of Ca excreted by the kidneys.
Vitamin E (Tocopherol) is considered the most important antioxidant and works closely with selenium to protect the body from the oxidative stress of exercise, illness and certain medical conditions. Found in high amounts in fresh pasture, levels begin to decay the moment pasture is cut for hay. That is why any horse that does not have access to grass, regardless of its activity level or health, should receive vitamin E supplementation. Horses are not very efficient in storing vitamin E and deficiency may be accelerated if the diet is deficient in selenium.
Probiotics are live microorganisms fed to promote healthy digestive and immune function. When these "good" bugs break down food ingredients that the body normally can't, they produce energy and vitamins for the body, food for cells in the cecum and colon, and byproducts that keep the "bad" bugs from growing. Research suggests probiotics are useful in repopulating the intestine with "good" bugs after antibiotic use and may benefit certain horses with diarrhea. A common term used for probiotics is direct fed microbials (DFM).
MVP has many supplements listed for helping with IR and Equine Metabolic Syndrome horses, how do I know which formula to choose?
MVP: D-Carb Balance was formulated with additional Vitamins and Minerals that maybe lacking for those horses that have been put on a limited feed program (Hay with no grain or small amounts of low carb/nsc commercial feeds). Carb-X and Anti-Carb formulas are for horses that still are on a normal feed program.
Do you have any tips on how to get a picky metabolic syndrome horse to eat supplements?
MVP: Find a low sugar “carrier” that your horse will eat and gradually mix in the supplement. Some low sugar options are; commercial feed formulated for sugar-sensitive horses (NSC level of 10% or less), shredded beet pulp (no molasses), hay cubes broken into pieces (choose a hay cube that is 10% NSC or less) or alfalfa pellets. Only use a small amount of carrier ingredient (1 cup per feeding or less if a mini). Once your horse readily eats the carrier ingredient, add a small amount of supplement and mix well. Over the next few days gradually increase the amount of supplement until you reach the full serving size. Soaking the carrier with a small amount of water may make the supplement mix in better and harder to leave behind. Add the supplement right at feeding time, do not soak.
I would like to start my mare on a metabolic supplement, there are so many to pick from. What sets them apart, they seem similar?
MVP: In review – The most essential ingredient to feed an IR horse is a minimum of 5,000mg/5gm of Magnesium. Chromium and iodine are also very beneficial when the diet is lacking these nutrients.
Anti-Carb – Should be given to a horse that is already on a balanced vitamin/mineral supplement.
Carb-X – An herbal approach to treating IR, Contains good levels of magnesium and chromium along with herbals that may be beneficial.
D-Carb Balance – Provides the Vitamins/Minerals that are lacking in a low quality diet for IR horses.
Magnesium 5,000 – Should be given when an all-around vitamin/mineral supplement is lacking in high levels. This is the minimum someone should do with an IR horse and is great for those on a budget!